Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea) are one of the most common types of pain. About 93% of adolescent women reported such abdominal pain and in 15% of these cases the pain was so severe that they affect daily functioning at work or school.
Menstrual cramps start on the first day of the menstrual cycle, and sometimes even a few hours before the start of bleeding, and are accompanied by sharp cramping in the lower abdomen. Menstrual cramps pain is sometimes accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, headaches, backaches, fatigue and feeling faint. In addition, some women develop PMS which is a syndrome that sometimes goes together with emotional factors along with physical factors.
Menstrual cramps are formed after ovulation, and therefore often do not exist in the first Menstrual cycles of girls and they start in most cases about a year after the first cycle. The pain is more common in adolescent women and decreases with aging.
The physiological explanation is that there are substances called prostaglandins that both men and women secrete regularly in the body. With women in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle (i.e the last 14 days of the previous cycle), there is an increasing secretion of these prostaglandins and they in turn act as a shrink factors of uterine muscles and endometrial and the appearance of the Menstrual cycle.
- Exercise: especially aerobic exercise can help prevent menstrual cramps. Exercise increases blood flow to the uterus and causes the secretion of endorphins, the body secretes substances that have known effect and relieves pain.
- Gentle heating of the painful area using heating pads or a hot water bottle has a beneficial effect on menstrual cramps.
- Natural supplements: There are studies on the administration of omega-3 fatty acids during the menstrual cycle and the provision of vitamin B6 in treating menstrual cramps. Some studies have shown the efficacy of dietary supplements but more research is needed to be able to recommend such treatment conclusively for menstrual cramps.
- Adjustable Compression Technology™: Ziivaa offer a treatment for menstrual cramps that does not involves any drugs or supplements. Their technology is based on the Adjustable Compression Technology™. This technology uses a contraption made of adjustable straps that applies pressure in the pelvis area that way relaxing the pain.
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